Combining both May and June in Minneapolis revealed the heat building, specifically the low temperatures at night. The year 1921 was an additional year of intensified heat during these months and is included in the data sets. Due to the movement of the weather station over the years, Milan, MN was also selected and the differentiation remained constant with Minneapolis.
A regional analysis was then reviewed for the entire state as well as counties from bordering states. Based upon this data our summer will be more severe than the 2012, and the degree and level will be determined by precipitation. With the Rocky Mountains snow pack in North America down to 0% as of July 4th, the recharging of the aquifers ends several weeks ahead of normal that will decrease timely precipitation in the weeks ahead.
Temperatures in the Twin Cities have been extremely warm, but in order to confirm this heating as being rural, Milan, MN was selected for analysis. This location is known for it's long term consistency and is located 130 miles west of the Twin Cities and located in the rural part of western Minnesota. Temperature analysis of this location demonstrated the exact same heating effect as the Twin Cities. Here is the average yearly temperatures through 2017 demonstrating the same shift in warming beginning in 1996.
After a very cool April, May brought about massive heat into the region just like the 1936 Dust Bowl Era when we attained the highest and lowest temperatures on record. Using 1921, 1933, 1934, 1936 and 2012 in comparison, the warmest May and June combination months on record, the following charts were constructed. Out current model is mirroring the 1936 era, with the 1934 heat. These charts demonstrate that our heat is not coming from extreme high temperatures, but a consistent and continual rise in the daily low temperatures. This is the amount of energy retained through the night within the earth. We are clearly surpassing the 2012 drought, but only time will determine the impact this will have on crop production.
Crop production is currently under stress in many parts of our nation. Our current snow pack in the Rockies that brings us precipitation throughout our summers shifted in 2012 and is demonstrated in the above graph, Data from NOHRSC. In 2011 the snow pack dropped to .1% in August, this year was one of the earliest now melting 2 weeks earlier than the 2004 to 2011 years. In the lower graph we can see the snow pack on April 1st and May 1st, the greater the disparity, the larger the flooding rains. This demonstrates the water source bringing in the 2008 and 2014 floods across the Midwest, and the flooding rains this year due to the increased snow pack and rapid loss. With the majority of the snow pack dissipated the cooling summer rains will decline and the potential for increasing heat accelerates.
Years ago, I was young and naïve in a world so large, and I was so small. Sometimes I would think, how could I alter such a large world? Now that I am older the world seems so much smaller, and with so many people I now think, how could we not alter such a small world?
As spring comes, so does the threat of earthquakes, especially along the west coast. The earthquakes and magma discharge from the Gulf of Alaska creates shifting in pressure under the plates and this may cause an acceleration earthquakes, only time will tell. The main cause is the energy shift as the conduction of heat flow shuts down and heat begins to build causing expansion in the plates. Here is earthquakes along the California coast to today.
The Gulf of Alaska is finally settling down, so the weather will warm within the next couple weeks. There is a lot of snow to melt, and with it will come more clouds and precipitation on top of the snow melt we already have. This will threatening many regions with flooding water this spring. The Gulf of Alaska is .5C warmer than last year at this time.
We are not going into an ice age, it's weather, short term alterations. Climate is long term over many years. We experienced this cooling effect across North America in 2001. This graph is Temperatures from the Swann Lake Research Farm near Morris, MN, and rapid flooding occurred due to the late thaw and rapid melt that followed. All regions should be preparing for this. Here is a USGS report on this 2001 Minnesota flooding.
Just assembled this image of graphs so we can observe the impact that the continental plates and land masses, including Islands and ridges have on ocean temperatures. This in turn drives our weather. The top 3 graphs are the equator in the Pacific, top is off the continental plate of Australia, the next is in the center of the Pacific away from plate boundaries, the third is along the North America Coast. They were just deployed last year so historical data is limited. Overall temperature gradients are identical in all 4 graphs. Deployment dates and technical difficulties on one alters the time frames but overlapping times demonstrates a vast difference. The directional flow of our world is from west to east, and so is the heat, as well as the cooling. As the heat flows away from Australia it is dissipated by mass, and the cooling in the third graph demonstrates the influence of the axial tilt, directional flow and elliptical orbit has as the southern hemisphere enters into winter having a greater impact than the northern hemispheres summer as the Earth travels further away from the sun. The last graph is Hawaii 690 miles further north that demonstrates heat permeating from this region where volcanic activity is common.
This bleeding effect of both heating and cooling is demonstrated in the ocean temperature differentiators between the coastal waters in the image above. During the summer in the upper image the heat is flowing east into the Atlantic while ocean temperatures along the Pacific remain much cooler. During the winter, in the lower image, the opposite occurs cooling the Atlantic.
You have a cup of coffee that has attained equilibrium with your room at 70 degrees. How do you heat the coffee without raising the room temperature? Can you inject enough CO2 at room temperature to heat your coffee above 70F? The law states that one environment cannot heat another to a temperature greater than itself, and we all know that our cool coffee will NEVER reheat on it's own, it violates the law and common sense. The same hold true for the oceans. Sea surface temperatures at buoy 44001 was analyzed for all the years where full data was available for both sea surface temperature 1m below the surface and air temperature 3m above. Sea Temperatures averaged 7.54C while the air was 6.54C demonstrating heat flow from the water to the air, even in the Gulf of Alaska it flows from the surface up, not down. CO2 cannot generate heat, or violate the laws of convection, your cold coffee is evidence of this.
I was reminded today about the blizzards across Europe in 2013, so I took the night researching. I found Buoy 44008 64NM SE off Nantucket available. Buoy was out from March 2013 until mid January of 2015. This is not unusually in researching these buoys but the data demonstrates the same effect as my past post, but further south. The graph compiled all data available since 2012. In 2013 increased earthquake activity was registered in the North Mid-Atlantic Ridge in the upper image, the lower image is the Reykjanes Ridge that is more active today. In 2013 the water temperature was 68F out at sea, and warm water meeting with cold air is the forcing behind this past event, much like today. Here is a link to March of 2013 in Europe.